The Destructors

The Destructors is a very good story, that is about a group of children that tried to clear their minds of all the suffering that they had, by creating a gang where they were could feel free. They were in a post-war situation, where they suffered a lot, and all the city was destroyed by air bombs. These ideas are very similar to a famous movie for children called, Narnia.

 

In both situations, the children faced the consequences of war.

In Narnia, after the first bombing in London, the brothers were sent to a farmhouse, far away from the city, so they could be safe from the bombs. There, Lucy found a wardrobe which was the entry to a magical world called Narnia. For me, this strange world, where the protagonists were heroes, was the only way which they could forget the situation where they were passing through.

 

In the destructors, the gang that tried to break the law was another way, in which children that suffered from the same war could feel free, so they could forget all that years where they suffered a lot, being afraid of the death that was always around them.

Publicado en 4AC2018, e-portfolio, literature | Etiquetado , | Deja un comentario

Questions to Pato

Are all the E-portfolios deep enough?

Shall I change something in one of them?

Did I miss any poem or story that we saw in class?

Publicado en 4AC2018, e-portfolio, literature | 1 comentario

Ode on Melancholy

 

 

This poem deals with the Melancholy. But not as something bad, destructive or a feeling that damages the people.

The poem deals as if it is something positive and to be proud of, because if you have that feeling, it means that you had joy in your life and melancholy is a way to remember it.

 

This poem made me remember to one of my favorites songs of the Argentinean rock. This song is “Nunca Quise” of Intoxicados.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bdqvUwn1tbE

 

Para odiar hay que querer 

Para destruir hay que hacer  

Y estoy orgulloso de quererte romper

La cabeza contra la pared

Para dejar hay que beber

Para morir primero hay que nacer

The chorus of this song has the same theme of the poem. All the bad things and feelings that you have during your life, are because in some moment in your past, you had all that things. So instead of being depressed by dose things, look back and remember all the good things that had happened to you.

Publicado en 4AC2018, e-portfolio, literature | Etiquetado , , , | Deja un comentario

The Destructors

Rite of passage for the destructors.

  1. Object of desire: the destroying of the house. “Old misery’s going to be away all tomorrow and Bank Holiday” “we’ll destroy it”
  2. Trespassing: when they break into the house and when T defies Blackie. “I have a better idea”
  3. Dare: when they accept T as the leader and want to destroy the house.
  4. The mischief: they didn’t realize that what they were doing was wrong. “You got to admit it’s funny.”
  5. Atonement: there is no regret or confession. “It was my house, my house”.

 

Themes:

 

 

  • The individual affected by social crisis

 

what’s a hacksaw”

 

  • The evil nature of man

 

“It’s a bribe”

 

  • The aftermath of war: how destruction leads to more destruction

 

“Destruction after all is a form creation”

 

  • Loss of compassion

 

“There’s nothing personal, but you got to admit it’s funny”

 

  • Class struggle

 

“Considered herself better than the neighbours”

 

  • Destruction for sake of destruction

 

“We’ll put it down”

 

Metaphor: This metaphor is about the war. As it cost a lot of money to it, is a big waste of money.

Symbols:

  • Old Misery: This name is ironic as Mr. Thomas is not actually miserable, but the rest of society is. In fact he is the only one who was not in misery.
  • The driver of the truck: When he laughed at Old Misery, he represented philosophy of nihilism, as he showed the lack of morale.

Questions

  1. Describe what happens in the resolution of the story. Why might Graham Greene have ended the story in this manner?

At the end of the story, the gang destroys Old Misery’s house, with the help  of a man who had no idea of what was going on, and when he realised what was happening didn’t care and actually found it fun. The author might have ended the story this way to show how it is that society was influenced by war, people no longer cared of others, they were going through an egocentric phase of life.

  1. On the surface this is a story of action, suspense, and adventure. At a deeper level it is about delinquency, war, and the hidden forces which motivate our actions. Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer.

This story is a clear reflection of delinquency, war and the hidden forces which motivate our actions as we can see how a group  of kids are trespassing the law, as a result of war. This is because war destroyed society, and vandalism and delinquency. We can also see how T was willing to destroy a innocent man’s house, just to obtain power.

  1. Does the destruction of Old Misery’s house by the boys seem more senseless than the destruction brought about by the war that had destroyed London—or do you see it differently? Explain in a paragraph.

In my eyes, the destruction of Mr.Thomas’s house is more senseless than the destruction of war. This is for several reasons; for example the house was the last standing peace of housing after war. Moreover, the destruction of the house had no real reasons other than having fun, and T showing Blackie his leadership and power over the gang.

  1. Research a definition of the philosophy of nihilism. How might the Wormsley Common Gang actions in the story demonstrate a kind of nihilism?

The definition of nihilism is the rejection of all religious and moral principles, in the belief that life is meaningless. This is portrayed by the Wormsley Common Gang, as they show no morale in their actions, going after an innocent man’s house, and using another innocent man without his knowledge.

  1. Research and compare the Wormsley Common Gang with modern American gangs. Consider factors like membership, recruitment, enemies, activities and motivations. What similarities did you find? What are some differences?

Gangs nowadays are very similar from the ones in “The Destructors”.

At first, all the gangs have many members (there are gangs from different ages) and everyone has at least one leader. In the case of the destructors is Blackie. The other people in the gang follow the leader that takes all the important decisions.

To become a part of a gang, the recruit have to do some illegal activities, to prove the loyalty to their crew. It can be: stole something, paint in walls, break things from the street, etc. In the story happened, but is impossible that a new recruit could challenge the leader. As the reader can see in the story when T said: “I have a better idea”. Also, they have different enemies, while the modern gangs fight against other gangs, for territory and more respect, the gang in The Destructors didn’t have a formal enemy.

Finally, their motivations and activities are practically the same. Both make a lot of destruction and illegal things and always their motivations are from their living conditions and how their surroundings are (a lot of caos). In the Destructors, they are in a post war situation, and in the modern gangs, they live in affected areas where there are a lot of insecurity and danger.

  1. Of what significance is the setting of this story in blitzed London? Does the story have anything to say about the consequences of war? About the causes of war?

The setting in blitzed London is essential for all the plot in the story. The after war scenery creates the perfect moment for the creation of the gang. All their extreme ideas and a love for destruction, is very ironic in a chaotic place, as London after the war. It’s very difficult  that the ideas could appear in another scenario that is not a chaotic one.

  1. Address the following quotation in the story by explaining its context and overall significance to the story:

“Streaks of light came in through the closed shutters where they worked with the seriousness of creators—and destruction after all is a form of creation. A kind of imagination had seen this house as it had now become.”

This quotation is refering the post war situation, and the ridiculousness of war itself. The quote is very ironic, as it shows the hard work of human people, to build whole cities, to destruct them in a short and fast time. It’s very ironic the the people make the same mistakes throughout our history, and we can’t learn about them, to prevent how to stop before happens.

Publicado en 4AC2018, literature | Etiquetado , , | Deja un comentario

Dulce Et Decorum Est ….and other war poems

  • Look for information about Wilfred Owen
  • Characteristics of war poetry
  • Explain each stanza with your own words
  • Which images predominate? Quote and explain
  • What does the title mean?

 

  • Wilfred Owen:
    • Born in 1893 died in 1918
    • War poet
    • English soldier who fought in the WW1
    • He was homosexual
  • War poetry:
    • Themes
      • Rhetoric of honour
        • Early war poets focus on the causes of the war and the emphasize the abstract notion of honour
        • Late war poets are visibly anti-war. Focus on the details of their war experience and the hard reality of war.
      • Injury
      • Death

Explain:

  • 1st stanza:
    • Soldiers are backing up, growing away from the battlefield. They are in very poor conditions. They are exhausted and upset because things aren’t going as planned (ex: “disappointed shells that dropped behind”).
  • 2nd stanza:
    • They throw gas at them. They ran away. People started dying. He saw a man die in front of him, drowning and in agony.
  • 3rd stanza:
    • the man keeps dying and his mind; the voice can’t save him and is clearly hurt because of it.
  • 4th stanza:
    • It starts describing all the bad things about the war, all the suffering and showing the true side of the war. There is an irony when the government explains to the new young soldiers entering the army what war is (pride, honour, defend the country), but in fact, they are hiding the truth.

 

  • The images that predominate are auditory and visual:
    • Visual:
      • “like old beggars under sacks”: they have the same poor conditions as a homeless person.
      • “coughing like hags” the author wants to portray their bad physical condition.

 

    • Auditory:
      • “still was yelling out and stumbling”: Chaos and shouting plus the sound that the boots and the falls made together with the ground.

 

  • The exact meaning of the title is “it is sweet and honourable”. But this really makes sense to the reader when it is followed by “pro Patria mori”, which means “to die for one’s country”. This is the real idea that the author wants to portray throughout the poem: how the people made it sound like in the attempt to encourage them to sign in, but it was really horrible, they died in awful conditions and humiliated.

Deep analysis per stanza:

  • First Stanza:
    • What is the main emotion expressed in the first stanza (verse)?
    • Write an example of a simile used in the first stanza
    • Why were the shells ‘disappointed’?
  • Pity, fury towards the government, sadness and sorrow
  • “like old beggars under sacks”: Simile undermines stereotypes image of soldiers as young and fit. Suggests they are filthy and weak
  • The metaphorical meaning of the disappointed shells is that the enemies throw the soldiers bombs, but they were “disappointed” because they never got to their target.

 

  • Second Stanza:
    • How does the emotion change at the beginning of the second stanza?
    • What were the soldiers ‘fumbling’ for and why?
    • Owen uses a metaphor to describe what the gas looked like. Write it here:
  • The main emotion changes from sadness and pity to shock and madness. We can see this because there is a new unknown element for the soldiers, and they are surprised when they see the effect in people (gas bombs): “GAS! Gas! Quick, boys!” the exclamation mark suggests that something important is happening, and as gas is new to them, they are surprised and scared, so they must act fast.
  • Fumbling: move clumsily in various direction using the hands to find one’s way. Soldiers were fumbling to find their way through the mist and trying not to tumble over bodies on the ground.
  • “through the misty panes and thick green light, As under a green sea”.

 

  • Third Stanza:
    • Why do you think the third stanza is only two lines long? Think about the dramatic effect and the emotion:
  • We think that the stanza is two lines long because the phrase is one of the most important and shocking from the poem. The writer vividly transmits how he was perturbed by the death of his friend, dying in front of him “choking, drowning”, maybe in his own blood.

 

  • Fourth Stanza:
    • What is the main emotion expressed in the fourth stanza?
    • Name three parts of the body that are affected by this sort of gas:
    • Explain the final lines.
  • The main emotion expressed in the fourth stanza is anger towards the government and the way they tried to persuade people into signing in for the war. He describes it as “The old Lie”.
  • The three parts are:
    • The face (eyes): “And watch the white eyes writhing in his face”. The sight of the men was suffering, both from the gas and from the horrible view.
    • The lungs/respiratory system: men were fighting to breathe, as they suffered. Also, the blood they were throwing up didn’t let them breathe, and they started choking.
    • The stomach/digestive system: soldiers, because of the bitter smell of the gas, started throwing up the blood which “Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs”.
  • The meaning of the final lines is: Owen tries to make us re-ask ourselves, after giving us another completely new point of view of the war, if it is worth to die for our country or not, by repeating the title and completing the phrase.

 

Extended question:

The poem transmits anger, sadness and fury from the voice, he is clearly upset that he was forced to see a friend die, and it makes him feel desperate for not being able to do anything. The voice is also angry because he was forced to fight in awful conditions:  with few hours of sleep and with heavy and uncomfortable clothing.

Similes as: “Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud” show us how dark, filthy and bitter the situation was. We believe the author wants to make the reader understand how awful war was, the things that it does to you, the hard time of having to see a friend die and the despair of not being able to do anything about it. Another thing the author wants us to understand is the fact that gases were unknown at the time, so people were surprised by them and killed due to the damage these provoked.

Task 3:

The Kiss: Siegfried Sassoon

To these I turn, in these I trust—
Brother Lead and Sister Steel.
To his blind power I make appeal,
I guard her beauty clean from rust.

He spins and burns and loves the air,
And splits a skull to win my praise;
But up the nobly marching days
She glitters naked, cold and fair.

Sweet Sister, grant your soldier this:
That in good fury he may feel
The body where he sets his heel
Quail from your downward darting kiss.

 

Themes: war, death, loyalty

Tone: maniac, adulating

Literary devices:

  • Alliteration: “Sister Steel”
  • Oxymoron: “To his blind power I make appeal”
  • Imagery: “darting kiss”

Personal opinion: Siegfried Sassoon, through this poem, wants to transmit that war is crazy and that can turn a man into a crazy person, that only wants and loves killing. In this poem, the voice is a soldier who is speaking about his gun: “Brother Lead and Sister Steel”. Brother Lead is the bullet, and Sister Steel is the barrel. In his first sentence he says “in these I trust”. We can see that the has a complete sense of trust over the gun. He gained this from using it a lot of times, so we can assume he killed a lot of people. Then he shows his admiration for the bullet, but also he has a bigger admiration for the barrel, which he keeps “clean from rust”. The second stanza he admires how the bullet goes through a skull. And in the third stanza, the voice talks of killing a man with the barrel, putting his feet on him, and then giving him a darting kiss from the barrel. In conclusion, this poem shows how people can go mad during war, as the voice in this poem, who is adulating the weapon, and he also feels he is in “heaven” when he kills with it.

Everyone sang: Siegfried Sassoon

Everyone suddenly burst out singing;
And I was filled with such delight
As prisoned birds must find in freedom,
Winging wildly across the white
Orchards and dark-green fields; on – on – and out of sight.

Everyone’s voice was suddenly lifted;
And beauty came like the setting sun:
My heart was shaken with tears; and horror
Drifted away … O, but Everyone
Was a bird; and the song was wordless; the singing will never be done.

 

Themes: freedom, hope, liberty, happiness, life.

Tones: hopeful, encouraging, happy, positive.

Literary devices:

  • simile: “As prisoned birds must find in freedom”
  • Alliteration: “setting sun”
  • Imagery: “dark-green fields”

 

Personal opinion: We understood this poem as a disappointing one, we interpreted it as the end of the first world war in 1914, but at the end, we perceive a severe disappointment from the voice, claiming that the war hadn’t ended quite yet. We understand this in the last stanza when it says:

“My heart was shaken with tears; and horror
Drifted away … O, but Everyone
Was a bird; and the song was wordless;

the singing will never be done.”

We believe that the voice refers to the treaty of Versailles when the allies were very harsh on Germany, there were many people that disagreed with the big three end were very afraid of the second world war.

Publicado en 4AC2018, literature | Etiquetado , | Deja un comentario

RUSIA 2018

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1zUFP4Z8MRcGlAWSOlzCpekWMpBClawGFM4aZFT7aANw/edit?usp=sharing

Publicado en 4AC2018, historia | Etiquetado , , , , | Deja un comentario

The Girl in The Looking-Glass: A Reflection

The Girl in The Looking-Glass: A Reflection

 

  1. Notice how the mirror in the first paragraph is set up as the frame for a kind of a portrait.
  2. The unnamed narrator attempts to construct a portrait of the Isabella Tyson that consists of her outer self and her inner self. The portrait is reflected in the objects inside and outside the house as they reflect in the mirror. Describe the images reflected in the mirror.
  3. What kind of contrast is there between the objects inside the house and outside the house, as they are reflected in the mirror?
  4. Describe how the narrator attempts to compose the portrait through the mood inside the room, through her own imagination, and through the presentation of Isabella in the mirror
  5. What are the known facts about Isabella’s outer self?
  6. What material objects inside and outside the house does the narrator use to imagine Isabella’s life?
  7. What are Isabella’s letters supposed to conceal, according to the narrator? What would one know if one could only read them?
  8. At the end of the story, according to the narrator, is it possible to know objectively one’s inner reality?
  9. In this story Woolf questions whether the inner self of an individual is finally knowable. What do you think is her conclusion? Provide support for your statement.
  10. What do you think is the role of the mirror in the story? How has the mirror been used as a metaphor in literature?
  11. Describe the characteristics of this story that resemble stream-of-consciousness narrative technique.

Find a picture of a room inside and a garden to illustrate the house in the story

Read the following text. How is this related to the story?

 

Answers:

    1. The mirror at the beginning of the story portraits Isabella because of the fact that from the outside of the House, and metaphorically speaking physically, lets us see how her action in her house are, her intimacy,  things that we aren’t supposed to see from the outside. Her real her.
    2. The unnamed narrator attempts to construct a portrait of the Isabella Tyson that consists of her outer self and her inner self.  There is a reflection of the objects inside and outside the house as they reflect in the mirror. Imageries reflected in the mirror are described as unorganized, always moving, as a mess. ¨Nothing stays the same for two seconds together¨ This is how the narrator describes the furniture in the inside of the house, messy, not steady. This messy house is a metaphor of this Isabela´s mind. On the other hand, the reflection of the mirror outside is described as The contrary from the inside. ¨But, outside, the looking-glass reflected the whole tables, the sunflowers, the garden path so accurately and so fixedly¨As a contrast, the outside was the reflection of Isabela´s appearance. She seemed to had a perfect life. ¨All changing here, all stillness there¨ The outsides reflection was the contrary from the insides reflection.

 

  • (QUESTION 2 IS HAS THE ANSWER)

 

  1. The narrator attempts to compose the portrait through the mood inside the room, through her own imagination, and through the presentation of Isabella in the mirror. The narrator describes Isabella as a spinster apparently 55 years old, full of secrets,¨Long letters of intimacy and affection, violent letters of jealousy and reproach, terrible final words¨. This letters made us feel she has lots of history, a life full of passion and emotions. Also, the narrator things she has lots of things hidden from us lots of secrets ¨There must be a truth; there must be a wall¨ the narrator by this quote shows as that he/she thing that Isabella has people that know her although she hides everything, supposedly. Also, he/she thinks that Isabella travels and has an interesting, full of joy life.
  2. What we knew from Isabella, in connection to her outer-self is that:¨Any woman of flesh and blood of fifty-five or sixty should be really a wreath or a tendril¨She is around fifty-five years old. ¨As for facts, it was a fact that she was a spinster; that she was rich; that she has bought this house and collected with her own hands¨ in connection to her outer self we know that she lives alone, that she was rich (is what we think about the beginning) and that she started her life at this same house at her own. Another fact from her outer self is that:
    ¨She had gone presumably into the lower garden to pick flowers¨ she always worked with flowers.
  3. The narrator uses furniture, letters, walls and her flowers to imagine her life. ¨The rugs, the chairs, the cabinets, which now lived the nocturnal life before one’s eyes¨ the furniture is described as a wild animal, something to fear of, messy. The walls wide ¨There must be truth; there must be a wall¨. ¨Burst here and there into white and violet blossoms¨Flowers are part of Isabel’s life. ¨One realized at last that there were merely letters, the mad had brought the post¨ Isabella always received letters. This letters, in connection with what the narrator things she had lots of letters that were full of Isabella´s history.
  4. According to the narrator, Isabella’s letters would show as all her history. A full life full of secrets. They would let us know how she has. ¨And thus if one had the audacity to open a drawer and read her letters, one would find traces of many agitations, of appointments to meet, of up breathing for not having met¨. All what we needed to know was in her letters.
  5. Yes, at the end of the text we can really see Isabella’s inner self, it stops being a thing the narrator suppose, and it becomes a fact. ¨ She stood naked¨what it represents the fact that she was naked is that we can see her real her, without any obstacle. ¨Isabella was perfectly empty¨There weren’t any emotions, any feelings, she was thinking of nothing, anything inside her.
  6. In our opinion, Woolf shows at the end the real part of Isabella: ¨ At once the looking-glass began to pour over her a light that seemed to fix her¨. This quote portrays a message connected to the fact that she was full of superficial things. And the mirror didn’t show that things that people usually saw in Isabella, but, what she had inside. How she really was, who she really was, all that she was thinking. And how she really was, who she really was and what she was thinking was nothing. ¨She stood naked in that pitiless light¨, she was no one, nothing inside, everything outside.
  7. The role of the mirror in this story is a connection to this story has to do with seeing the inner self of someone through the mirror. It can show what someone has inside without any stereotypes neither thing covering nither related to the superficial things.  The symbol of mirrors in literature is connected with a reflection of the soul. It doesn’t lie. It is a mechanism of self-realization.
  8. All throughout the story we have a third person, omniscient narrator who is limited. We only know what the narrator sees and thinks, nothing else. The narrator doesn’t know the truth, he only knows thinks be what he sees and facts. In this way, we can analyze firstly the out self of the character. But at the end of the story, the narrator changes to an unlimited narrator. Where we can see who the character really is. We see her soul, her inner self. This way of narrating help us to compare the superficial and how we think someone is by seeing her from the outside and compare it with what we see in the end. Her soul.

We chose this image because we wanted to show how people saw Isabella, connected to her outer self. The garden we choose is full of flowers and we connect that with the fact she is described as someone who was always in his garden looking after her flowers. And on the other hand, the inside of the house doesn’t look organized and it seemed a thing had been moved. The house was described, as a metaphor, as if nothing stayed the same for too long.

Publicado en 4AC2018, literature | Etiquetado | Deja un comentario

Guión cinematográfico

Una vez leidos los libros de Martín Fierro, ambos escritos por José Hernandez, nuestra profesora decidió hacer un proyecto grupal. Este consistía en dividirnos en grupos de a seis y elegir una de las escenas sucedidas en el transcurso del relato para trabajar. Luego debíamos elaborar un guión cinematográfico y actuarlo. Yo realicé mi trabajo con Juana Perez Muniz , Federika Marty, Otto Kreutzer, Martina Ibarbia y María Roggero.

Guion:

La pelea con la partida policial. La intervención de Cruz

Ext. Tapera – Amanecer/dia

Nos encontramos afuera de una tapera. MARTÍN FIERRO está tirado en el piso escondiéndose. De repente escucha las pisadas de los oficiales. CRUZ y la partida policial están en búsqueda de FIERRO.

FIERRO se levanta del piso y prueba el filo de su CUCHILLO

FIERRO

No se han de morir de antojo

OFICIAL 1

Vos sos gaucho matrero

OFICIAL 2

Vos mataste un moreno y otro en una pulpería, y aquí está la policía que viene ajustar tus cuentas; te va a alzar por las cuarenta si te resistís hoy día

FIERRO

No me vengan con relación de dijuntos: esos son otros asuntos; vean si me pueden llevar, que yo no me he de entregar aunque vengan todos juntos

(Los oficiales rodean a FIERRO)

El OFICIAL 1 le dispara a FIERRO, pero lo esquiva. FIERRO, luego, lo mata

El OFICIAL 2 está distraído con su rifle y FIERRO lo acuchilló.

Dos OFICIALES, con SABLES, se ubican enfrente de FIERRO. FIERRO pone su PONCHO en el piso. El OFICIAL 3 pisa el PONCHO y FIERRO lo quita. El OFICIAL 3 se cae de espalda. El OFICIAL 4 se va corriendo.

FIERRO

Si me salva la Virgen en este apuro, en adelante le juro ser más gueno que una malva

El OFICIAL 5 intenta matar a FIERRO con SABLE, pero FIERRO le quita el brazo antes de que lo lastime. FIERRO le arroja TIERRA a los ojos del OFICIAL 5. Mientras el OFICIAL 5 se intenta de sacar la TIERRA de sus ojos, FIERRO lo voltea.

Un OFICIAL acuchilla a FIERRO, en las costillas, con su SABLE.

CRUZ

¡Cruz no consiente que se cometa el delito de matar ansí un valiente!

CRUZ y FIERRO luchan contra los OFICIALES restantes. Los OFICIALES terminan huyendo.

CRUZ
(hacia los oficiales que se escaparon)

Que vengan otro policía a llevarlos en carreta

FIERRO hace una CRUZ de un palito y le reza a Dios. Después de amontonar a todos los OFICIALES muertos, CRUZ y FIERRO se van de la escena.

Por: María Roggero, Silvestre Braun, Otto Kreutzer, Martina Ibarbia, Federika Marty y Juana Pérez Muñiz

Video:

Publicado en 4AC2018, lengua | Etiquetado , , , , , | Deja un comentario

Virginia Woolf

  1. write down important facts about her life
  2. her influence on women writers
  3. her technique she introduced in Literature

 

1)

-Born in a high-class English household

-Raped by her 2 brothers

-Suffered from depression

-her depression was getting worse as her sister and mother died, and when her father died

-She committed suicide by walking into the sea

 

2)While Woolf was alive, she was very criticised since she was a female writer. The fact that Woolf focused on women’s rights that influenced her writing. She influenced other many feminist women to write. Writing, for women as a profession, was vas seen at that time. But with her hard work, she could manage in a world of men. So she is seen as a hero foto many other woman writers.

 

3)At first, she changes the perspective of the narrator in any part of her novels. In her writings, she uses the order and they caos total describe some characters or places. She uses a lot of literary devices like metaphors, comparisons, similes, alliterations, personifications, and imageries, to help the creation of caos.

Publicado en 4AC2018, literature | Etiquetado | Deja un comentario

The eye as a sense organ

STRUCTURE OF THE EYE

Study the structure and functions of the human eye HERE, and complete pages 9 and 10 from the booklet.

HOW WE SEE COLORS

Watch the video!

Booklet Act: COMPLETE questions 4 c and d on page 10.

PUPIL REFLEX

  • In pairs,  add a video which shows the pupil reflex in your eyes.
  • Using your reflex actions knowledge, sketch the sequence of the pupil reflex. State the stimulus, receptors, coordinator, effector, effect, response and all the neurons involved.
  • What is the importance of this reflex?
  • Booklet act: COMPLETE questions 1 b and c on page 9.

ACCOMMODATION OR FOCUSSING

  • Play this animation about focusing a close or distant object and answer the interactive questions.
  • Booklet act.: Answer questions 2 and 4 a and b.

PROBLEMS WITH VISION?

Let’s discuss them HERE!

Connections between the nervous system and the eye as a sense organ.

Booklet act: Answer question 5 on page 10.

Answers:

2a. Lens and cornea.

2b. CIliary muscle would contract so the lend go fatter and shorter.

Stimulus (light intensity)—– receptors(retina)–sensory neuroncoordinators(Brain)—-Effector–muscle of iriseffect—-response

  • Bright Light=cones—-Pupil constricts
  • Dim Light=rods—-Pupil dilates

The importance of this reflex is to prevent the damage of the retina. If too much light reaches the retina, it can be damaged. On the other hand, if the light is dim if the pupils would dilate we wouldn’t be able to see in the dark.

4a. Muscle A= Ciliary muscle: Allows the lens to become fatter for focusing on close objects

Muscle B= Iris circular muscles: The pupil becomes smaller.

Activity 4c

Activity 4D

Exercise 1 activity c:

  1. C) Jasmine could see shapes but not colors in a dark room because cones are the once that detect color thanks to the bright light can’t work without light. On the other hand, rods can work with dim light and allows as to distinguish shapes.
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